The Serbian parliament is elected by proportional representation. One of the recent rules changes allows minority parties to win representation with 0.4 percent of the vote; other parties or coalitions require 5 percent.
The party lineup is as follows:
- Radical Party of Serbia (SRS), Seselj's party, which essentially took over representing the far right after Milosevic's downfall.
- Democratic Party (DS), the party of the assassinated PM Zoran Djindjic, and of current president Boris Tadic. Generally pro-European and left-leaning; currently in opposition; has suffered some splintering in recent years.
- Democratic Party of Serbia--New Serbia (DSS-NS). Originally a breakoff from DS more than a decade ago and more conservative, DSS is the party of current PM Vojislav Kostunica. This time around it is running in coalition with New Serbia, a smaller party that ran with SPO last time.
- G17 Plus (G17+). G17 was formed as a group of 17 intellectuals to push for reforms and eventually became a right-liberal political party, still with a very economic focus. It left the Kostunica government over the failure to apprehend fugitive general Ratko Mladic.
- Liberal Democratic Party--Civic Alliance of Serbia--Social Democratic Union--a couple other parties (LDP--GSS--SDU...). This is a union of smaller social-liberalish parties. LDP is a recent splinter from DS; GSS ran on the G17+ list last time around.
- Serbian Renewal Movement (SPO). Led by Vuk Draskovic, who a long, long time ago was the main Western hope to replace Milosevic (back in the mid-'90s). Draskovic, however, is actually a rather regressive rightish and monarchist character who reportedly doesn't get along too well with anyone else. Currently a part of the coalition government, where Draskovic is foreign minister.
- Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS), Milosevic's old party, which has lost pretty much all its support by this point.
- Last but not least, a bunch of other parties that won't win seats, and the minorities (including parties representing Presevo Albanians, Sanjak Bosniaks, the Vojvodina Hungarians, and the Roma).
The biggest point is, whoever wins will have to form a broad coalition to again exclude SRS in Serbia's version of the cordon sanitaire. It would appear that even should DS make major gains, Kostunica's DSS will be indispensable to any government--which was a big problem last time, since the two parties get along very badly and are indeed quite different in many policy areas, with DS taking a much more pro-EU and pro-Western approach and DSS much more nationalistic and Euro-skeptical. However, the way things are looking, there probably will not be an alternative.